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Beauty

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Beauty

Beauty

Beauty

 

Author: Safa Hakan *FİDAN

www.safafidan.com.tr

 

Summary

In this work we will talk about beauty and beauty concepts, we will touch on the philosophical and literary aspects of all the beautiful things that make up beauty and beauty. Art, man and art, aesthetic elements to work in detail will be found.

 

Keywords: Beautiful and Beautiful, Aesthetic, Artistic, Human and Art, Aesthetic.

 

    Beauty! Ah! Creator, poet, poet, painter These mysterious values created by my painter are not just people. Every natural being has its own beauties.

 

If you are the most carefree person in sweet weather, if you are sitting by the side of a calm lake that resembles a large lake-like mirror, you feel you are far away from yourself on this alien beach, and these beauties are magnificent.

 

Or a beautiful summer evening, did you ever open your windows and watch the sky? Then, the sun that leads to other countries with all the beauty of the lights. Did not your gaze with the sweeter and more beautiful lighting of the night affect you? Then the stars shining in the depths of the sky seem to be looking at you. Did not you just excite you with his gaze without saying anything? Did you not feel the power of Augustin and Monique that did not seem as if they were in the Ostie beaches? Did your enchanted spirit whisper to you, lifting up all your being, as follows: Let’s go up to the heavens! Did not your soul try to get a closer look at these fascinating beauties of your newly starred nightlife, which is fully explored in light light? Have you not shouted privately in a holy drunkenness: The beautiful sky, the wings of me that I can fly to my wonderful palaces!

 

Then, from above, looking at these masterpieces that God gave us on earth. A great masterpiece that brings together all the flows of God and nature in unmatched harmony. So did you watch the human eye with the recipient eye? Did you see the moment when man came to earth? Have you looked at a sleeping child? Babies who are so sympathetic and attractive even before their eyes open. Have you not bowed to the beautiful baby’s forehead, your lips, as if you were to see God’s smile?

 

  1. BEAUTIFUL AND BEAUTY

 

    Beauty, in other words, it is the whole of the values ​​that make the human body feel and affect the senses positively. The qualities of beauties are the qualities of beings or things that contain it.

 

Beauty is the basic concept of aesthetics that describe the most decisive, qualities or abilities of objects [1].

 

Nowadays everything is beautiful, more intense than beautiful. Bediîyat; It makes an inquiry into the nature of beauty, from an artistic viewpoint and the same metric, just as it is considered as a technique. The truth about the bed is true, positive or artistic values, technical, ugliness or beauty. In the wide sense, art is the process of natural materials being consumed by man. Bacon called this subject “the person who added nature”. By this they mean the art of the futuristic, industrial and applied arts, the doctor or the engineer, that they pass through the art of craft and revolve into the fine arts with the full meaning of stocks, plastic arts, music and their imitators.

 

Beautiful and beauty finds its foundation on the inside. For man, any object or situation is worthy of being given to the object or situation. In this context, the concept of beauty and beauty for man should be considered together with pleasant, good, useful and correct concepts. Because it is not nice for people, good, right or not useful. From this, it can be said that we can give the answer that there are common values in terms of beautiful people at least for the question “Is there a beautiful objectivity criterion?” For example, the rose is a beautiful flower. Anneler is valuable, good, useful, nice people … like judges, we can say that these aspects of the beauty evoke common feelings in all people.

 

The basic concept of aesthetics that describes the most decisive qualities or abilities of objects that evoke sensual pleasure and appreciation. Gonul is the most decisive feature of things or artworks that always bring positive emotions, such as gossiping, internal grudging, fascination, awakening to life. Man behaves according to the shape, surface and mass of things placed in front of his feelings. Regulation of shape, surface and mass of the contour according to certain dimensions goes well. The lack of such an arrangement gives indifference and even a great annoyance and disgust. Feelings of beauty, pleasurable connections are sensual. The feeling of ugliness is also the opposite. “It seems to be the right way of thinking to accept beauty as an unsettling, or often deceptive, event that changes continuously throughout history. Beauty is a concept that aesthetic recognition deals with and has acquired different meanings according to ages and thinkers.

 

It has always been a matter of debate whether the judgments given throughout the history of philosophy on “BEAUTIFUL” or “BEAUTY”, the most important term of aesthetic evaluation, are essentially objective or subjective. Realism from the important insights that arise in this context suggests that the objects of the judges given to the good are not related to the ministers of the objects but to the objective features or powers found in the objects that have the power to directly influence the ministers. On the other hand, while the Platonic argued that beauty existed as a supernatural form of ideal senses, XIX. Century theorists take this as a “sensory” form. Kant’s transcendental philosophy, on the other hand, has made a clear break on the beautiful philosophers, arguing that the concepts of “subjective universality” and “subjective necessity”, which are seen as essential requirements of knowing the good experience, are the priority of every good experience of the beautiful itself. Skepticism, on the other hand, ascribes to the unconditional priority of human beings in the same way as in all other matters, thinking that the beautiful characteristic that is loaded on objects is only the result of a subjective aesthetic deliberation of the gazeer.

 

It is the question of whether the beauty exists in the real sense at the beginning of the issues which are tried to be clarified in terms of the concept of the beauty exactly. It is said that the object of beauty is not a feature that any object carries in itself (n), therefore, objects do not carry some features that await evaluation from aesthetic point of view when the “beautiful eye of the minister is taken”, which has become a built-in saying on a daily basis.

 

This view, which suggests that the groom does not have a reality in objective meaning, that it always comes from the minister’s nature, is referred to as aesthetic subjectivism or aesthetic ignorance. As a matter of fact, this view of the presence of the beautiful is the way to see aesthetic research as a very social or psychologically oriented research. Aesthetic objectivism or aesthetic realism is the approach which advocates that objects should be evaluated together with their uniqueness or uniqueness.

 

Many of the topics on which the aesthetic objectivism (aesthetic realism) and aesthetic subjectivism (aesthetic ignorance) seek to answer are common. Among these, the most important ones can be briefly as follows:

 

I- What is the breadth of being that beauty terms are meaningfully applicable to? This question argues that while some aestheticians answer that beauty is wholly “transcendent” as a viable category for everything in the medieval sense, others argue that beauty can only be applied to certain areas.

 

II- In what scale can the aesthetic values ​​be gathered under the good concept? In this context, some aestheticians contemplate that different forms of aesthetic judgment such as “supreme”, “tragic”, “ironic”, “terrible”, “glorious” are purely beautiful derivatives, while others claim that these are completely separate and distinct aesthetic values.

 

III- In what quantities are different kinds of beings comparable in their beauty? While some aestheticians have responded that such a comparison is impossible in principle, some argue that the good is a universal value, that all beings share it, and therefore this comparison is feasible, by way of the Platonic “teaching of ideals”.

 

IV- On beauty, beauty

What is the role of other factors in the provision of judgments? This problem seems to have been answered by two separate opposing views. While a section of aestheticist beauty argues that in every case, other factors should be assessed without involving other factors, many other factors, especially those that are not directly related to aesthetics in beautiful beauty, play important roles in the technical examples given by other artistic works.

 

The serious discussion of beauty and good concepts first emerged with philosophy. Later on, these two concepts became a topic of aesthetic science. Why is man interested in beauty and beauty? Is beauty a physical and a physical value or a spiritual and spiritual value? Is it the human being who sees the beauty of beauty or is it the person being seen or heard? Since the questions such as “Can you mention the objective criterions of beauty” have started to take place in the human mind, the concept of beauty and beauty has been the subject of philosophy and aesthetics. The oldest known philosophers have made the following definitions on beauty:

 

“Beautiful, pure beauty is desirable for him. “-Aristoteles

 

“Beautiful in things, as long as the mind is united with them when looking at them. “-D.Hume.

 

“We can easily suggest that the beauty is much higher than nature at the beginning of the work. Indeed, the art is beautiful, a beauty born from the mind, a rebirth beauty; And therefore the beauty of art is higher than the beauty of nature, so that both mind and nature are superior to nature. “-Hegel

 

We can see what meaning people take from beauty when we examine beauty and beauty in various aspects. Different human beings have come into being because different people can make different kinds of beauty from beautiful and beautiful. For example, absolute beautiful, natural beautiful, ideal beautiful, creates the main types of beauty. Let’s briefly mention these.

 

Absolute Beauty: Intangible, spiritual or metaphysical is beautiful. In other words, the beauty is the best. This beauty is divine beauty and belongs to God. Especially the people who believed in monotheistic religions and the clergy gave all their qualities to Allah. According to this understanding, it is suggested that beauty can be comprehended through mental ways, not sensually.

 

Natural Beauty: It is beauty that manifests itself in all living beings on the whole universe. Such beauty is found in concrete and perceivable objects. A beautiful woman’s beauty, the beauty of a song’s melody, the beauty of a flower …

 

Ideal Beauty: The abstract beauty that people, especially the artisans, shapes and creates with imagination. Ideal beauty is different, the emergence of the ideal beautiful and absolute and natural beauty traces [3].

 

The artist is the ideal person who reveals the ideal. While creating this beautiful beauty, the artist combines these beauties with imagination and brings out the ideal beauty by taking the parts in the ideal beauty in its absolute beauty and surroundings. Even the artist reveals his difference by using the ugly, the ideal, the ideal, the ideal, the beautiful. For example, a picture depicting a beggar can make an ugly one more beautiful. This can also be attributed to bringing the ideal fairy tale, depending on the artist’s ability.

 

  1. AESTHETIC

 

Aesthetics (Fr. Estetique, aesthetics), Greek “aisthesis” (emotion, sensation, sensory perception) or “aistanesthai” are the words sensed by the senses. The word may be met or covered with words and phrases in our language in the sense of “knowledge, knowledge of beauty, knowledge, wisdom, illm-i bedâyi, wisdom-i bedâyi, knowledge pleasure”.

 

Aesthetic is the theory of free arts, the theory of downward knowledge, the thought of beauty, and the intelligence of reason similar to mind. Again aesthetic sense or perception is a philosophy that examines the structure of beautiful and fine arts. Aesthetic beauty is a philosophy of arts or fine arts.

 

There is a subtle difference between aesthetics and beauty. Aesthetics are not pure beauty, while beauty is a qualification that creates a sense of enjoyment and is based on pure beauty. The ugly as well as the beautiful are the qualities that constitute aesthetic.

 

Aesthetics is a philosophy that studies beauty, beauty, and beauty in a stringy way, as well as the right conditions of each kind of being. It is a research of philosophy that critically examines all kinds of aesthetic situation, problem, relation or phenomenon by putting the way from various different appraisal judgments ranked in the “aesthetic appreciation scale” in which the concepts at one end and the ugliness at the other end are found.

 

Aesthetic taste (bodily pleasure); Ability to distinguish ugly with beauty. One acquires this ability in the course of social life [5].

 

In the eyes of many scholars and philosophers of your esteem, beauty is one of the various forms of human ideal. The correctness of this principle depends on the ideal definition. It is true if it is taken only by the imagination which is unique to the game with the artifacts of art or by both. But in this word; If kemal is meant to be temperament in the way of tekemmul, then it means leaving out idealism and realism. However, this point of view is also a form of art and beauty is a legitimate notion [6].

 

As it is understood from here, aesthetics is not just beauty. In addition, the necessity of karma and imagination is another necessity.

 

Everything that is unstable will be shaped by an idiot. But as long as there is no share in this formal mind, the planet will remain a strange and ugly thing. But every object that does not exactly fit the formal mind has a certain level of ugliness. Because the material that makes up the object does not have the capacity to fully equip it. That’s why it also includes aesthetic ugliness.

 

There are four basic problem areas that we persist in trying to solve an aesthetic phenomenon according to the widespread acceptance of aesthetic science. these; Aesthetic object (the entity that carries the beauty value on it / artwork), aesthetic value (the beauty that the aesthetic observer has, the glory), and the aesthetic judgment (the esthetic objen is the provision of the aesthetic object)

 

Every aesthetic phenomenon is basically based on a subject-object relation. That is, the aesthetic relationship of a conscious entity, an object, with an object of aesthetic value or value. In such an aesthetic relation the subject approaches the object in an aesthetic manner; It perceives, senses and identifies with it. This process takes an aesthetic pleasure from it as a natural result and finally there is an esthetic judgment about it. In other words, the aesthetic value contained in the deep structure of the related aesthetic object plays an active role in absolute maneuver. In such an aesthetic case, there is a phenomenon that can not be denied but the first one is not seen. He also

Artist [7].

 

As a result, aesthetics, nature and the beauty of nature in nature, It is the philosophy that explores the ways in which people are interested in beauty and how they perceive it.

 

III. ARTIST

 

Art is a form of social consciousness and spiritual cultism of mankind. Like other forms, and art like science, it helps to know reality. In identifying the essence of art, some scholars have either burdened the meaning and function of the art in terms of knowledge teaching, or they have a very low share in this function. Art reflects and interprets the reality that exists outside of itself in a unique way. This applies to the inner world of the artist as well as to the lives of people with their interrelationships and inner worlds.

 

Art reflects the objective reality as aesthetic imagination in human consciousness. It is not created by the influence of any supernatural power, nor is it a product of uncertain feelings and thoughts. Because human activity is determined by the production process. At the basis of these human activities lies the artist [8].

 

The concept of craftsmanship is universal in terms of expressing people who deal with all kinds of arts. When we mean a person who rescues the concept from this generality and deals with any art form, we give special names such as architects, sculptors, painters, composers, poets to artists.

 

In the most general and simple sense, artistic art refers to people who engage in any kind of art, art, art, and so on. According to Plato, the artist is a simple reflector without any ability or competence beyond mirroring the second-order reality entities. According to Aristotle, art is a reflection; But this reflection is not a simple and ordinary reality. The artist is the one who chooses among the ones that can be, weighs and re-arranges.

 

Classics, realists, socialists believe that the basic function of the artist is to reflect reality. During the history of art, the period of the most uplifting period of the artist is the centuries from the middle of the 18th century until the partners of the 19th century, where the romantic mentality dominates. Before then, art is not an artist, but an understanding that is important to what he reflects on his work.

 

Artisans have a very strong sense of perception of their own being and the physical and metaphysical realm that surrounds it. He sees that many of you do not see, hear that you do not hear, Some artistic actors or aestheticians see this as a superhuman above the ordinary of the artist.

 

The artisan has a natural ability. The craftsman’s next step is the accumulation of mastery, skill, skill and experience in using the tools of art that he or she will need.

 

The artist is in need of great effort, pleasure, discipline and patience in synthesizing his perceptions and intuitions as well as transforming him into an art object with artistic tools [9].

 

There is art, but there are artists first. In order for a work of art to come to fruition, there must be an artist of potential and talent capable of artistic synthesis. The artist is the one who can use emotional intelligence. He is an artist. As much as art is a society, a person is a reflection of emotion, thought and pleasure. Man, equipped with aesthetic values, is talented, talented and level. Under what conditions he knows how to be treated. By recognizing the nuances, he sees and shows that he is not anybody. To be in artistic activities is to re-read their own aesthetic pages. Or a person’s self-discovery. Unread, unrecognized pages can be read again and renew themselves. When we re-read this book at a mature age, we find a system of values ​​that we have forgotten its source and became part of our inner mechanism. Classics are books that make a very special effect by concealing themselves in the folds of memories that make them unforgettable. This book teaches people more than what colleges and universities can or can teach.

 

  1. HUMAN AND ART

 

Art in Arabic comes from the roots of “san’a” which gives meaning to doing business. This word in Arabic tells the work that man made using his mind and intelligence.

 

The intelligence that understands life puts it in the most interesting and beautiful forms [10].

 

Art is the way people express emotions and thoughts. For this, things like voice, word, color, form are used and they are presented in a personal and impressive way. Another meaning of art is “mastery shown in doing something”.

 

Art is a concrete state or expression that has been transformed into aesthetic forms by various materials such as language, note, color, stone, marble, bronze, which constitute one of the foundations of human psychological life.

 

Art is a phenomenon that exists in every period of human history. The stages of mankind; Life styles, life styles, art forms, and artistic views, art has emerged in different appearances at every period and in every society.

 

We absolutely must know the art and we have to be aware of the importance. Art is not a hobby or a game that needs time. The wake of the time we witness is to leave a trace with our thoughts, to guide the gathering. As a matter of fact, art has a higher responsibility than material life. This responsibility is a human responsibility. And this responsibility that interests the human is in the interest of the person. If you want to deal with art, first you need to know the person. There is no point in talking about the beauty of art without knowing humanity …

 

Art wants a very serious work. And we have to concentrate on this work seriously. Otherwise, art can not attain the rightful position. As in every work, art, labor, work, determination, etc. Is a must.

 

To be engaged with art is to engage with people who are trying to get something that reveals, watches, observes and interprets the work of art. It is also possible to recognize human psychology, perhaps in the context of hobbies. To know human psychology is to approach him more consciously. In any case, such an approach will have many positive contributions to human relationships.

 

The Russian writer Dostoevsky saw the need to express the important role that beauty plays in human and community life, in the liberation of mankind, by saying “It is beauty to save the universe”. Dostoevsky is the science to save the universe, philosophy, not politics, but “beauty”. Because science, philosophy and politics can take on useless and unhealthy forms by embracing all kinds of unfounded beliefs; Corruption, abuse; Each of them can be attacked in various forms which are regarded as serious crimes, and then, In science, in philosophy, in politics, it can become a dark power that drifts people into the darkness. For this; There is a strong need for science to come out of all sorts of flaws and to serve humanity. The philosophy and politics are also honest, mature, flawless and perfect; Without deliberate deviations and pauses

Operation; It is necessary to maintain its existence in the qualities of a charming, deceptive belief that brings people’s souls and conscience to the surface. Because only knowing beauty, philosophy, politics; Stay in areas suitable for their purposes; Will ensure that they are in appropriate activities for these purposes.

 

Art is the reflection of the inner world of man into the outer world. It is a phenomenon that must be in human life. If art dies in a person’s life, if it goes out, life becomes such a dim and dead. A person who finds himself in solitude creates a relationship between the world and the sky, or objects that are not the same kind, by means of art. Adding a feeling to them, they make people in close proximity.

 

Human beings have the ability to feel and invent. With these abilities, they can make good improvements in the way of becoming artistic. The art of man’s life philosophy introduces himself to himself.

 

Man is a social entity that has to live in society. He also needs other people to survive. Therefore, it is not enough to protect my own self. He has to protect other moles too. The development of the sense of virtue in the soul of man through education and training creates the feeling that this emotion will be strengthened. Goodness is established as morality and law within social life. All kinds of moral and legal rules are based on the principle that people live in peace and quiet in society.

 

Human beings are connected both to their own individual psychology, to the influence of social life, and to the deliberate art of man, who has absolute and subtle beauty.

 

“Art; It is the work of people who can think, see the truth, understand the society, “Tolstoy says.

 

The fountain of art is wide and covers many areas of life. It is the work of those who are devoted to this work and dedicate themselves. In order for the right of art to be given, an artistic ore must be found in the structure of man, personality, character. The works that emerge from the depths of such people can carry the character of art, and such works can influence and shape the world of other people.

 

Man is a social entity that has to live in society. He also needs other people to survive. Therefore, it is not enough to protect my own self. He has to protect other moles too. The development of the sense of virtue in the soul of man through education and training creates the feeling that this emotion will be strengthened. Goodness is established as morality and law within social life. All kinds of moral and legal rules are based on the principle that people live in peace and quiet in society.

 

The works of art are one of the few important events that most clearly reflect the interaction and cultural exchange between people. Societies that attach importance to fine arts in their history hold the chance to live continuously as a sovereign state. Nations that do not lose their power to sovereign life, as they have their own sovereign states, are nations that own their own culture and fine arts. Nations, which are deeply rooted art cultures, have always received and respected their place in the history scene. Beautiful works of art, a nation of homeland, honorable friends. A country’s culture finds its own concrete form in the work of art. In this respect, as art historians write the history of a nation, they are now studying the works of art of the people of that country rather than war and victory. Because the works of art are the visible monuments of the thought life of the nations, as well as the undeniable proofs of the existence of society in a country.

 

A piece of fine art that will be the property of all mankind, comes from the depths of the soul and returns to the depths of the soul, and experiences the most beautiful of human pleasures. And when inviting people to the rose garden of art, they give them the most generous greetings. As he put forward this action, he tells people; “When you look at the roses and the joy is stopping, why are you looking at the stalk and feeling sorry?” Everything is opposite. The intensity of blackness of black increases the intensity of whiteness. For him, even the presence of black is an indispensable complement to white …

 

It is possible to observe the beauty sense of mankind in all the works that have been exhibited since ancient times. Thus, the works of human being are concrete examples of emotional reflection. The sense of beauty, together with human beings, is beautifully searched and revealed. The long and exhausting journey to search for and find more beautiful, more exquisite people, from bison paintings and hunting scenes in caves, to even the masterpieces of history of stone, from stone axes, has brought thousands of works to today’s people.

 

We can examine man and art in two contexts:

 

  1. Artist and art
  2. Normal people and art

 

Artist-Art Relation: The artist reveals the work of art, different baccarat, different thinkers in the world, and the materials of the art of the art are carefully made of dyes, mysteries and impressive. Thus, the artist establishes artist-art relation by making himself different from other people. We can not find death sentences on the Silent Ship of Yahya Kemal or texts in which any person has written or spoken the sense of freedom and independence in the Turkish National Anthem. At this point, the artist shapes and enriches the art by revealing its awareness, and connects and directs other people to art.

 

Normal Human-Art: Normal people judge the work of art presented to them. The contribution he can make is limited by criticism. It can be said that normal people contribute to the development of art by criticizing, not writing or saying.

 

Human beings are connected both to their own individual psychology and to the influence of social life and to the human beings of the human being who has absolute and natural beauty.

 

Finally

    Real beauty is for me hidden in the heart of a child. The real beauty is that children are happy, Like children can see the world. To be as merciful as children. Life-long as a child.

 

NOTES

 

[1] Sarp Erk Ulaş, The Dictionary of Philosophy, Science and Art Publications, Ankara, 2002, p. 633.

[2] Charles Lalo, Aesthetics, Hece Publications, Ankara, 2004, 19-20.

[3] İsmail Çetişli, Literature Art and Science, Akçağ publications, Ankara, 2008, p. 17-18.

[4] Sarp Erk Ulaş, The Dictionary of Philosophy, Science and Art Publications, Ankara, 2002, p. 488-489.

[5] Orhan Hançerlioğlu, The Dictionary of Philosophy, Remzi Kitabevi, Istanbul, 1989, p. 94.

[6] Charles Lalo, Aesthetics, Hece Publications, Ankara, 2004, 11.

[7] İsmail Çetişli, Literature Art and Science, Akçağ Publications, Ankara, 2008, p. 65.

[8] Orhan Hançerlioğlu, The Dictionary of Philosophy, Remzi Kitabevi, Istanbul, 1989, p. 364.

[9] İsmail Çetişli, Literature Art and Science, Akçağ publications, Ankara, 2008, p. 43.

[10] Irwin Edman, Sanat ve İnsan, MEB Publications, Istanbul, 1998, p. 12.

[11] İsmail Çetişli, Literature Art and Science, Akçağ Publications, Ankara, 2008, p. 38.

 

REFERENCES

 

Çetişli, Ismail; Literature Art and Science, Akçağ Publications, Ankara, 2008.

Edman, Irwin; Art and Human, MEB Publications, Istanbul, 1998

Farago, France; Art, East West Publications, Ankara, 2006.

Hançerlioğlu, Orhan; Philosophy

Sözlüğü, Remzi Kitabevi, Istanbul, 1989.

Lalo, Charles; Aesthetics, Hece Publications, Ankara, 2004.

Ulaş, Sarp, Erk; Glossary of Philosophy, Science and Art Publications, Ankara, 2002.

 

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